Why Shih Tzu Called Shih Tzu? History of Shih Tzu 😊

Table of Contents


Crikey! The Shih Tzu, mates! This little beauty, often dubbed the “Lion Dog” (狮 – Shī 子 – Zi), is an absolute wonder of the canine world. Just look at that face, that coat, and that zest for life! Now, “Shih Tzu” might sound exotic, and that’s because it is. It means “Lion” in Mandarin. And even though it’s a wee little dog, it’s got the heart and spirit of a lion, I tell ya!

Now, why should we dive deep into the history of this fantastic creature, you ask? Well, understanding where the Shih Tzu comes from is like going on a grand adventure through time and culture. We’re talking about a journey that takes us from the mystical temples of Tibet, through the grand palaces of ancient China, and right into our living rooms today. And trust me, it’s not just about tracking down where this breed came from; it’s about discovering the tales, legends, and the sheer importance of the Shih Tzu in history.

So, come on! Let’s embark on this exciting journey together. We’re not just exploring the past of a dog breed; we’re uncovering the story of a true icon. By the end of it, you’ll see the Shih Tzu not just as the playful little mate that fetches your slippers, but as a legendary creature with a tale as grand as its personality!


Brief Overview of the Shih Tzu Breed

The Shih Tzu, with its flowing mane and bright, inquisitive eyes, is a true gem in the world of dog breeds. Originating from the ancient lands of Tibet and China, this small dog carries a big personality. Standing at just about 9 to 10.5 inches tall, what the Shih Tzu lacks in size, it more than makes up for in character. Its name, which translates to “Lion Dog,” is a nod to its lion-like appearance and regal demeanor. But don’t be fooled by its royal looks; the Shih Tzu is known for its friendly disposition, making it a beloved companion for families, singles, and seniors alike.

Its coat, which can come in a myriad of colors from gold to black, white, blue, and many combinations in between, is one of its most distinctive features. This luxurious, long coat, when maintained, flows gracefully, giving the Shih Tzu its iconic appearance. But it’s not just about looks with this breed. The Shih Tzu is known for its affectionate nature, its love for play, and its adaptability to both apartment living and homes with yards.

The Significance of Understanding the Breed’s History

To truly appreciate the Shih Tzu, one must venture beyond its modern-day charm and dig into its rich history. This isn’t just a lap dog that’s been bred for companionship; it’s a breed steeped in legends, spirituality, and centuries of cultural significance. By understanding its history, we connect with the tales of emperors and monks, of sacred temples and royal courts. We discover a breed that was revered, cherished, and, in many ways, mystified.

The history of the Shih Tzu offers insights into its unique temperament and characteristics. Why is it so adaptable? How did it become such a beloved companion? Why does it carry itself with such a regal air? The answers lie in its past. By exploring the Shih Tzu’s origins, we not only deepen our appreciation for the breed but also strengthen our bond with these remarkable dogs. It’s a journey that reminds us that every wag, every playful bark, and every affectionate nuzzle is a testament to a legacy that spans continents and millennia.


The Ancient Roots: Tibet and the Buddhist Connection

The debated origins of the Shih Tzu: Tibet vs. China.

Deep in the heart of the Himalayas, where the air is crisp and the mountains touch the heavens, lies the mystical land of Tibet. It’s here, among the monasteries and the echoing chants of monks, that the story of the Shih Tzu begins. The Shih Tzu’s ancient roots are intertwined with the spiritual practices of Buddhism, a connection that adds a layer of mystique to this already enchanting breed.

Now, if you ask around, you’ll find a bit of a debate brewing about the true origins of the Shih Tzu. Some reckon that the Shih Tzu’s ancestors hail from Tibet, while others argue that its lineage can be traced back to the vast expanses of China. It’s a debate that’s been going on for ages, and it’s as spirited as the Shih Tzu itself!

Those in the Tibet camp believe that the Shih Tzu’s ancestors were bred in Tibetan monasteries and then gifted to Chinese royalty. These dogs, with their keen senses and alert nature, were believed to guard the temples and even turn prayer wheels in daily rituals, releasing prayers to the heavens. Their spiritual significance in Tibetan culture was profound, and their connection to Buddhist practices undeniable.

On the other hand, the China camp argues that while the Shih Tzu might have some Tibetan connections, the breed as we know it today was primarily developed in China, especially within the confines of the imperial palace. Here, they were cherished by emperors and nobles, refined and bred to perfection, resulting in the regal and affectionate companion we adore today.

Regardless of which side of the debate one leans towards, one thing is clear: the Shih Tzu’s history is a tapestry of legends, spirituality, and cultural exchanges between two ancient civilizations. And that, mates, makes the story of the Shih Tzu all the more fascinating!


The Role of Small Dogs in Tibetan Monasteries and Their Spiritual Significance

In the serene heights of the Tibetan mountains, where monasteries stand as silent witnesses to centuries of spiritual devotion, small dogs played a role that was anything but minor. These weren’t just any dogs; they were believed to be the ancestors of our beloved Shih Tzu. Their presence in these sacred spaces was deeply intertwined with the spiritual practices and beliefs of Tibetan Buddhism.

Within the thick walls of these monasteries, monks led lives dedicated to meditation, prayer, and enlightenment. And right alongside them, these small dogs had duties that went beyond mere companionship. One of the most enchanting tales speaks of these dogs turning prayer wheels. Imagine that! These little fellas, with their paws on large wooden wheels, would help in the daily ritual of sending countless prayers to the heavens. Each turn of the wheel was believed to release mantras and prayers into the universe, amplifying the monks’ spiritual intentions.

But their significance didn’t stop there. These dogs were also seen as guardians of the monasteries. With their keen senses and alert nature, they were the first line of defense against any intruders or wild animals that might venture too close to these sacred spaces. Their loyalty to the monks was unwavering, and their bravery, despite their size, was legendary.

Beyond their physical duties, these dogs held a deeper spiritual significance. In Tibetan culture, animals are often seen as sentient beings on their own path to enlightenment. The close bond between the monks and these dogs was seen as a mutual journey towards spiritual growth. Some legends even speak of these dogs as reincarnations of departed monks, returning in canine form to continue their spiritual journey.

These dogs weren’t just pets or guards; they were an integral part of the monastic community. Their daily interactions with the monks were filled with mutual respect and understanding. As the monks chanted, meditated, and went about their daily routines, these dogs would often be seen sitting quietly by their side, as if soaking in the spiritual energy, or playfully engaging with the monks during their moments of leisure, bringing joy and lightness to the otherwise austere environment.

The bond between the monks and these dogs was profound. It was believed that the positive energy and blessings from the monks would rub off on these dogs, elevating their spiritual essence. In return, the unconditional love and loyalty of these dogs served as a constant reminder to the monks of the virtues of compassion, kindness, and selfless service.

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Over time, stories of these remarkable dogs spread beyond the monastic walls. Tales of their bravery, their spiritual significance, and their deep connection with the monks traveled along the ancient trade routes, reaching the courts of Chinese emperors. It’s no wonder that these dogs, with their rich spiritual background and noble demeanor, were soon sought after by royalty, setting the stage for the next chapter in the Shih Tzu’s incredible journey.

The Connection Between Tibetan Spaniels, Lhasa Apsos, and the Early Shih Tzus

In the rugged terrains of Tibet, where spirituality and nature intertwine, several dog breeds emerged that would later capture the hearts of people worldwide. Among these breeds were the Tibetan Spaniel, the Lhasa Apso, and the early ancestors of the Shih Tzu. While distinct in their own right, these breeds share a common heritage and intertwined histories.

The Tibetan Spaniel, often referred to as the “Tibbie,” is not truly a spaniel but rather a breed that shares similarities with its early Shih Tzu and Lhasa Apso counterparts. Like the Shih Tzu, the Tibbie was believed to have been bred in Tibetan monasteries and held spiritual significance. With their keen eyesight, Tibetan Spaniels often sat on monastery walls, acting as lookouts and alerting monks to approaching visitors or dangers.

The Lhasa Apso, named after the sacred city of Lhasa, was another breed deeply rooted in Tibetan spirituality. Often referred to as the “bark lion sentinel dog,” the Lhasa Apso was believed to be a guardian of temples and monasteries. With its long, flowing coat and keen senses, it was both a protector and a companion to the monks.

Now, when we talk about the early Shih Tzus, it’s essential to understand that the breed, as we recognize it today, is a result of centuries of selective breeding. The early ancestors of the Shih Tzu were likely a mix of the Tibetan Spaniel, Lhasa Apso, and perhaps other local breeds. As these dogs made their way from Tibet to China, they were further refined and bred to the specifications of Chinese royalty, leading to the Shih Tzu’s distinct appearance and temperament.

The connection between these breeds is evident not just in their physical attributes but also in their shared histories. All three breeds were deeply revered, associated with Buddhist practices, and considered to be more than mere pets. They were spiritual companions, guardians of sacred spaces, and symbols of good fortune.


The Imperial Influence: China’s Royal Courts

Sketch Art of The WARRIOR SHIH TZU!

The Shih Tzu’s evolution in the Chinese imperial courts

Stepping into the opulent world of China’s imperial courts, we find a setting of unparalleled luxury and splendor. Gilded palaces, vast gardens, and intricate artworks set the backdrop for a world where every whim of the emperor was law. And amidst this grandeur, the Shih Tzu found its place, not just as a pet, but as a cherished jewel of the royal household.

The journey of the Shih Tzu from the spiritual heights of Tibetan monasteries to the heart of China’s imperial power is a tale of intrigue and fascination. As stories of these remarkable dogs, with their spiritual significance and noble demeanor, reached the ears of Chinese royalty, they became objects of desire. Emperors and empresses, always in search of the unique and the exquisite, saw in the Shih Tzu a reflection of their own imperial stature. Here was a dog that carried itself with a regal air, its flowing mane and dignified posture mirroring the elegance and grace of the court.

In the imperial palaces, the Shih Tzu’s evolution took a new turn. Selective breeding became the norm, with the aim to refine and enhance the breed’s already striking features. The Shih Tzu was bred for its luxurious coat, its compact size, and its affectionate nature, making it the perfect companion for royalty. These dogs were often given as precious gifts between members of the royal family or as diplomatic presents to foreign dignitaries, further elevating their status.

But it wasn’t just about beauty and pedigree. The Shih Tzu, with its Tibetan roots, was believed to bring with it spiritual blessings and protection. Legends spoke of these dogs warding off evil spirits and bringing good luck to their owners. In a world where symbolism and superstition held sway, the Shih Tzu’s presence was seen as both a status symbol and a spiritual talisman.

Life for the Shih Tzu in the imperial courts was one of pampered luxury. They had dedicated attendants, were fed the finest foods, and even had their own quarters in the palace. Emperors would often be depicted in paintings with their beloved Shih Tzus by their side, a testament to the deep bond and affection they shared with these majestic creatures. The Shih Tzu wasn’t just a pet; it was an emblem of imperial prestige and power.

Imagine, if you will, the grand halls of the palace echoing with the soft patter of Shih Tzu paws, these little dogs trotting alongside emperors and empresses, their coats shimmering in the candlelight. They were adorned with silk ribbons and sometimes even tiny jewels, reflecting their esteemed status in the royal household. At banquets and celebrations, while courtiers and officials discussed matters of state, the Shih Tzu would often be seen lounging on silken cushions, enjoying treats that were fit for royalty.

The bond between the emperors and their Shih Tzus was deeply personal. These dogs were confidants, companions in both solitude and celebration. In a world where trust was a rare commodity, the unwavering loyalty of the Shih Tzu was a comfort to the rulers. There are tales of emperors sharing their innermost thoughts with their canine companions, finding solace in their silent understanding.

Art and literature from this era often celebrated the Shih Tzu’s beauty and grace. Poets wrote verses extolling their elegance, painters captured their likeness in intricate detail, and sculptors immortalized them in stone and jade. The Shih Tzu became a muse, inspiring creativity and artistic expression.

However, with all the luxury came responsibility. The breeding and care of the Shih Tzus were taken very seriously. The royal kennels had strict guidelines to ensure the purity and health of the breed. Any deviation from the established standards was addressed promptly, ensuring that the Shih Tzus of the imperial courts remained the epitome of perfection.

As dynasties rose and fell, the Shih Tzu’s place in the royal courts remained unchallenged. Their legacy, intertwined with the history of China’s greatest rulers, stands as a testament to a breed that, for centuries, captured the hearts of the most powerful people in the land.

Breeding Practices, Including Crossbreeding with Pekingese and Other Local Breeds

In the heart of the imperial courts, where the Shih Tzu was held in such high esteem, breeding practices were an art form. The aim was clear: to maintain and enhance the Shih Tzu’s distinctive features, ensuring that the breed remained a symbol of imperial grandeur.

The royal kennels were bustling centers of activity. Expert breeders, under the watchful eyes of the emperor, would meticulously select dogs for breeding based on their lineage, appearance, and temperament. Records were diligently maintained, tracing the ancestry of each Shih Tzu to ensure the purity of the breed.

Crossbreeding played a pivotal role in refining the Shih Tzu’s features. The Pekingese, another breed deeply cherished in the imperial courts, was often introduced into the mix. This crossbreeding aimed to combine the best traits of both breeds, resulting in a dog with the Shih Tzu’s friendly disposition and the Pekingese’s luxurious coat and flat face. Other local breeds were also occasionally introduced, always with the goal of enhancing specific characteristics while maintaining the Shih Tzu’s unique identity.

These breeding practices were not just about aesthetics. The health and well-being of the dogs were paramount. Regular health checks, a balanced diet, and proper care ensured that the Shih Tzus of the imperial courts were not only beautiful but also robust and healthy.

The Shih Tzu’s Status as a Favored Companion for Chinese Royalty and Nobility

The Shih Tzu wasn’t just another dog in the imperial courts; it was a status symbol, a living testament to the wealth, power, and refined tastes of its owner. To have a Shih Tzu was to possess a piece of art, a creature so exquisite that it was worthy of emperors and empresses.

Royalty and nobility doted on their Shih Tzus. These dogs were showered with affection, given the best of everything, and treated with a reverence that few other breeds experienced. They were often the stars of royal gatherings, their antics and playful nature bringing joy and laughter to the grand halls of the palace.

But it wasn’t just about the joy they brought; owning a Shih Tzu was a statement. It spoke of one’s position in the hierarchy of the court, of one’s proximity to the emperor, and of one’s refined tastes. Gifting a Shih Tzu to someone was a gesture of immense favor, a sign of deep respect and affection.

Nobles would often compete, albeit subtly, over whose Shih Tzu was the most beautiful, the most well-behaved, or the most unique. This competition further elevated the breed’s status, making it one of the most sought-after possessions in the imperial courts.

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Symbolism and Artistic Representations

The Shih Tzu’s Depiction in Ancient Chinese Art and Literature

The Shih Tzu, with its regal bearing and distinctive appearance, has long been a muse for artists and writers in ancient China. Its likeness graced the canvases of master painters, the pages of revered poets, and the intricate carvings of skilled sculptors.

Chinese Old Painting of Shih Tzu

In traditional Chinese paintings, the Shih Tzu was often depicted in serene garden settings, lounging gracefully beside lotus ponds or playfully chasing butterflies. These paintings captured the breed’s elegance and charm, often using delicate brush strokes to highlight the flow of their luxurious coats and the sparkle in their eyes. Such artworks were not mere decorative pieces; they were treasured possessions, often gifted to dignitaries or displayed prominently in the homes of the elite.

Literature, too, celebrated the Shih Tzu. Poets penned verses extolling the breed’s beauty, loyalty, and playful nature. These poems often drew parallels between the Shih Tzu’s graceful demeanor and the virtues of a noble soul, further elevating the breed’s status in society.

Beyond paintings and poetry, the Shih Tzu also found its way into folklore and legends. Tales spoke of these dogs as celestial beings, companions to deities, or guardians of sacred realms. Such stories added a layer of mystique to the breed, making it even more revered and cherished.

Symbolism Associated with the Breed, Such as Luck, Prosperity, and Protection

In the rich tapestry of Chinese culture, where symbolism permeates every facet of life, the Shih Tzu was imbued with deep meanings and associations. Its very presence in a household was believed to bring a slew of blessings.

First and foremost, the Shih Tzu was seen as a symbol of luck. Its cheerful disposition and playful antics were believed to usher in positive energy, turning the tide in favor of its owners. Many households would keep Shih Tzus in the hope that the breed’s auspicious nature would bring good fortune and success.

Prosperity, too, was closely associated with the Shih Tzu. Their association with royalty and nobility meant that they were often seen as emblems of wealth and abundance. Owning a Shih Tzu was not just a sign of one’s affluent status but also a harbinger of continued prosperity.

But perhaps one of the most enduring symbols associated with the Shih Tzu is that of protection. Drawing from their origins in Tibetan monasteries, where they were believed to guard against evil spirits, the Shih Tzu was seen as a protector of homes and families. Their keen senses and alert nature, combined with the legends of their spiritual significance, made them revered guardians, keeping at bay any negative forces or ill intentions.


The Shih Tzu’s Journey Westward

The Breed’s Introduction to Europe and Later to America

As the winds of change swept across the world, bringing with them tales of distant lands and exotic creatures, the Shih Tzu began its journey from the palaces of China to the homes of Europe and America. The 19th and early 20th centuries saw increased interactions between the East and the West, and with these interactions came the exchange of goods, ideas, and, of course, the beloved Shih Tzu.

It’s believed that the first Shih Tzus made their way to Europe as treasured gifts from Chinese royalty to European diplomats and dignitaries. These dogs, with their unique appearance and regal demeanor, quickly caught the attention of European aristocracy. They became prized possessions, often showcased in elite gatherings and social events.

The journey to America followed a similar path. As trade and diplomatic ties strengthened, the Shih Tzu found its way across the Atlantic, capturing the hearts of Americans with its charm and elegance. By the mid-20th century, the Shih Tzu had firmly established its presence in American households, becoming a beloved companion for families across the country.

The Role of Diplomats, Traders, and Explorers in Popularizing the Shih Tzu in the West

The Shih Tzu’s journey to the West was not a mere accident; it was facilitated by a network of diplomats, traders, and explorers who recognized the breed’s unique appeal. Diplomats, returning from their postings in China, often brought back with them these “Lion Dogs” as symbols of their time in the East. Their stories of the Shih Tzu’s royal lineage and spiritual significance further fueled the breed’s allure.

Traders, always on the lookout for unique items to sell in European markets, saw the potential in the Shih Tzu. They began importing these dogs, often marketing them as exotic treasures from the East. The Shih Tzu’s association with Chinese royalty made them especially appealing to European aristocrats, who were eager to own a piece of the mystique.

Explorers, too, played a role. Their tales of adventures in the East, filled with descriptions of the Shih Tzu’s beauty and grace, added to the breed’s allure. These stories, often shared in popular publications and travelogues, painted a picture of the Shih Tzu as a breed of legend and lore.

The Shih Tzu’s Rise in Popularity and Its Establishment as a Recognized Breed in Kennel Clubs

With its introduction to the West, the Shih Tzu’s popularity skyrocketed. Its unique appearance, combined with its friendly disposition, made it a favorite among dog enthusiasts. Kennel clubs, recognizing the breed’s potential, began to take notice.

By the mid-20th century, major kennel clubs in Europe and America started officially recognizing the Shih Tzu as a distinct breed. This recognition further boosted the breed’s status, leading to organized breeding programs, dog shows, and competitions dedicated to the Shih Tzu. Breed standards were established, ensuring that the Shih Tzu’s unique characteristics were preserved and celebrated.

As the years went by, the Shih Tzu’s rise in popularity was undeniable. From being a treasured possession of Chinese royalty to becoming a beloved companion for families worldwide, the Shih Tzu’s journey is a testament to its enduring charm and timeless appeal.


Modern Evolution and Popularity

The Shih Tzu’s Transformation into the Breed We Recognize Today

From the regal courts of ancient China to the bustling streets of modern cities, the Shih Tzu has undergone a remarkable transformation. While its royal lineage and spiritual significance remain integral to its identity, the breed has evolved to fit seamlessly into contemporary lifestyles.

Shih Tzu Done Grooming

Selective breeding, especially in the West, has played a significant role in shaping the Shih Tzu we recognize today. Breeders, with a keen eye for detail, have worked diligently to enhance the Shih Tzu’s physical attributes, ensuring that its iconic mane, compact size, and expressive face remain prominent. This dedication to preserving the breed’s unique characteristics, while also ensuring its health and well-being, has resulted in the Shih Tzu’s consistent popularity in modern times.

Its Role as a Companion Dog and Its Characteristics That Make It a Favorite Among Pet Owners

In today’s fast-paced world, where genuine connections are often hard to come by, the Shih Tzu stands out as a beacon of unconditional love and companionship. Its primary role as a companion dog is a testament to its affectionate nature, playful demeanor, and unwavering loyalty.

What makes the Shih Tzu a favorite among pet owners? For starters, its size makes it perfect for both apartment living and homes with yards. Its friendly disposition means it gets along well with children, other pets, and even strangers. The Shih Tzu’s adaptability is another winning trait; whether it’s lounging on the couch on a lazy afternoon or accompanying its owner on a brisk walk, this breed is always up for anything.

But perhaps the most endearing characteristic of the Shih Tzu is its ability to form deep bonds with its owners. Those soulful eyes and wagging tail have a way of melting hearts, making the Shih Tzu not just a pet, but a cherished member of the family.

The Breed’s Health, Grooming Needs, and Its Adaptability to Modern Living

While the Shih Tzu is undoubtedly a bundle of joy, owning one comes with responsibilities. Health-wise, the breed is generally robust, but like all dogs, it can be prone to certain conditions, such as hip dysplasia, eye issues, and respiratory challenges due to its flat face.

Grooming is another area where Shih Tzu owners need to be diligent. That beautiful coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and tangling. Regular baths, nail trims, and ear cleanings are also essential to keep the Shih Tzu looking and feeling its best.

When it comes to adaptability, the Shih Tzu is a star. Its moderate energy levels mean it’s content with short walks and indoor play. Its compact size makes it perfect for city living, and its sociable nature ensures it thrives in active households. However, it’s essential to remember that the Shih Tzu craves companionship and doesn’t like being left alone for extended periods.



Reflecting on the Shih Tzu’s Rich History and Its Journey from Ancient Temples to Modern Homes

As we trace the footsteps of the Shih Tzu, from the echoing chants of Tibetan monasteries to the opulent halls of Chinese imperial courts, and finally to the cozy living rooms of homes across the globe, we’re reminded of the breed’s incredible journey. It’s a journey that spans continents, cultures, and centuries, weaving a tale of spirituality, royalty, and unwavering companionship.

The Shih Tzu’s story is not just about its evolution as a breed but also about its enduring impact on the hearts and minds of those fortunate enough to know it. It’s a story that reminds us of the timeless bond between humans and dogs, a bond that transcends geographical boundaries and historical epochs.

The Enduring Charm of the Shih Tzu and Its Continued Significance in the World of Dog Breeds

In a world teeming with countless dog breeds, each with its unique characteristics and appeal, the Shih Tzu stands out. Its combination of regal beauty, affectionate nature, and rich history makes it a breed like no other. Its charm is not just in its appearance but in its soul, a soul that carries the blessings of ancient monks and the love of emperors.

The Shih Tzu’s continued significance in the world of dog breeds is a testament to its adaptability and resilience. Whether it’s navigating the bustling streets of a modern city or lounging in a serene garden, the Shih Tzu remains true to its essence, embodying the virtues of loyalty, love, and grace.

As we conclude this exploration, we’re left with a profound appreciation for the Shih Tzu. It’s a breed that reminds us of the beauty of tradition, the joy of companionship, and the timeless connection between humans and their canine friends. The Shih Tzu’s tale is one of legacy and love, and it’s a tale that’s far from over.



Shih Tzu For Dummies: Adamson, Eve. ISBN: 9780470089453

Clark, Anne Rogers; Andrew H. Brace (1995). The International Encyclopedia of Dogs. ISBN 0-87605-624-9

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